American Civil War

Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman

Articles: “Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth Among Historic Heroines Whose Stories Are Told at National Underground Railroad Freedom Center,” Jet Magazine, February 9, 2004, Vol. 105, No.6, p20. Swanson, Ana and Abby Ohlheiser. “Harriet Tubman to appear on $20 bill, while Alexander Hamilton remains on $10 bill,” The Washington Post, April 20, 2016. Books: Alexander, Leslie […]

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Rose O’Neal Greenhow

Rose O’Neal Greenhow

Articles: Farquhar, Michael. “’Rebel Rose,’ A Spy of Grande Dame Proportions,” Washington Post, September 18, 2000; Page A01. Books: Blackman, Ann. 2006. Wild Rose: The True Story of a Civil War Spy. New York: Random House Trade Paperbacks. Eggleston, Larry G. 2013. Women in the Civil War: Extraordinary Stories of Soldiers, Spies, Nurses, Doctors, Crusaders, […]

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Pauline Cushman

Pauline Cushman

Books: Browder, Laura. 2006. Her Best Shot Women and Guns in America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. Jones, Terry L. 2002. Historical Dictionary of the Civil War. Lanham, Md: Scarecrow Press. Sarmiento, Ferdinand. 2001. Life of Pauline Cushman. Applewood Books. Tucker, Spencer, James R. Arnold, Roberta Wiener, Paul G. Pierpaoli, and David Coffey. […]

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Mary Elizabeth Bowser

Mary Elizabeth Bowser

“During the Civil War, Bowser served as a spy for Ulysses S. Grant. She operated as a servant in the home of Confederate President, Jefferson Davis where she gathered important military information to pass on to the Grant administration.” Learn More. Articles: Leveen, Lois. “The Spy Photo That Fooled NPR, the U.S. Army Intelligence Center, […]

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Emma Edmonds

Emma Edmonds

Books Edmonds, S. Emma E. 2010. Nurse & Spy in the Union Army. Bedford, Mass: Applewood Books. Edmonds, Sarah Emma Evelyn, and Elizabeth D. Leonard. 1999. Memoirs of a Soldier, Nurse, and Spy: A Woman’s Adventures in the Union Army. Dekalb, Ill: Northern Illinois Univ. Press. Gansler, Laura Leedy. 2005. The Mysterious Private Thompson: The […]

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